Higher cigarette pack-years related to smaller volumes in several subcortical regions. Magnetic resonance imaging studies of cigarette smoking-related effects on human brain structure have primarily employed voxel-based morphometry, and the most consistently reported finding was smaller volumes or lower density in anterior frontal regions and the insula. Much less is known about the effects of smoking on subcortical regions. We compared smokers and non-smokers on regional subcortical volumes, and predicted that smokers demonstrate greater age-related volume loss across subcortical regions than non-smokers. Non-smokers (n = 43) and smokers (n = 40), 22–70 years of age, completed a 4 T MRI study. Bilateral total subcortical lobar white matter (WM) and subcortical nuclei volumes were quantitated via FreeSurfer. In smokers, associations between smoking severity measures and subcortical volumes were examined. Smokers demonstrated greater age-related volume loss than non-smokers in the bilateral subcortical lobar WM, thalamus, and cerebellar cortex, as well as in the corpus callosum and subdivisions. In smokers, higher pack-years were associated with smaller volumes of the bilateral amygdala, nucleus accumbens, total corpus callosum and subcortical WM. Results provide novel evidence that chronic smoking in adults is associated with accelerated age-related volume loss in subcortical WM and GM nuclei. Greater cigarette quantity/exposure was related to smaller volumes in regions that also showed greater age-related volume loss in smokers.
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The site could be valuable to a person who wants contentious articles about themselves, their companies or their associates removed from the web. [ WSJ ] Digital wholesaler Boxed is launching a real-time auction platform for its top sponsored search results. [ Adweek ] More and more advertisers in the U.S. are opting for shorter television commercials. [ Axios ] Subscribe to our morning newsletter, delivered straight to your inbox, at http://on.wsj.com/CMOTodaySignup . Write to Lara O’Reilly at email@example.com Unilever, a global corporation whose brands include Axe, Dawn, Dove, Knorr, and Lipton, has launched several initiatives to break down gender stereotypes in advertising. Keith Weed, CMO at Unilever, discusses the company’s internal #Unstereotype effort and its recent Unstereotype Alliance, a collaboration with leading industry associations and major advertisers. Please note: The Wall Street Journal News Department was not involved in the creation of the content above. CMO Today: Fake news and Russian ads, Big Tobacco campaign, AB InBev picks Dentsu Here's your morning roundup of the biggest marketing, advertising and media industry news and happenings.
For more than a decade, the companies did not act on this knowledge out of fear of FDA regulation. But once the federal agency started regulating cigarettes in 2009, they went all out in their bid to develop and sell NRT. The Tobacco Papers reveal that companies conjectured that their new nicotine products could successfully compete with pharmaceutical NRT and they set the goal of gaining market control of all products containing nicotine. "It was surprising to discover the industry came to view NRT as just another product," Dorie Apollonio, associate professor in clinical pharmacy and lead author of the study, was quoted as saying in a UCSF news release. "The tobacco companies want people to get nicotine - and they're open-minded about how they get it." Smoking is responsible for more than 480,000 deaths every year in the United States, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and another 16 million Americans live with a smoking-related disease. The costs of such illnesses total more than 300 billion U.S. dollars each year, when including both costs of direct medical care and lost productivity due to secondhand smoke exposure. Clinical trials show that NRT can help people quit smoking, but only if used in conjunction with counseling and in tapering doses. Over-the-counter availability of NRT made it easy for smokers to get a nicotine fix in non-smoking environments like offices and inside airplanes, with the net result that they were less likely to quit.
Puff on Cheap eGo Electronic Cigarette for Best Vaping ExperienceI purchased a different brand ecig first and had many issues with the cartridges, the battery would heat up so much that you couldn't hold it, the charger pack didn't charge properly and the vapor consistency varied with each hit. So I went on the Internet and did some research and decided on the V2 because of the easy to use screw-on cartridges and the flavour selection. I've had my V2 for a year now and it's still working perfectly. The V2 delivers a nice consistency of vapor to each hit, long battery life and a convenient travel charging case. I definitely recommend the V2!I purchased a kit over a month ago. I cannot express how pleases I am with this product. I've completely stopped real cigarettes with ease. Customer service is also great. I emailed about an issue I was having (user error) with the portable charger and got a reply instantly and was directed to call customer service where they walked me through my stupidity. Not only is this a fantastic product, but the company behind it is great as well. Also the shipping is very fast. I couldn't be happier and am so happy I found v2cigs.I purchased an electronic cigarette from South Beach Smoke in February. I purchased the deluxe kit and signed up for the auto ship program on the cartridges so that I could get them at a 30% discount. I paid extra to have the cigarette shipped 2nd day. Needless to say it is now the end of April and I have yet to receive anything except for 1 box of cartridges which were the incorrect strength... Read more ›I purchased one G6 manual and one G6 auto battery. The manual does provide more vapor as you can prime it to have vape ready before puffing in. The auto still works great and is handy to have during times your busy and needing to vape hands free. I actually prefer the auto when using a clearomizers, it hits too hard with the manual battery. Overall, the G6 is a wonderful product that exceeds the competition in every way while costing less and unlike their counterparts being made in the USA.I purchased some blanks upon the premise of "next day shipping if ordered before 6PM". They did not ship my product, then offered the same shipping option that I had already paid extra for, followed by the refund of my shipping whilst assuring me my items would be shipped on Monday (Presidents day, USPS is closed). A small argument then started on actual delivery times as pickup would have been on Friday (processing day they said). Taking us to Monday, that would be the first actual date en-route. A simple Google search shows they do indeed ship on Saturdays and this all spawning off failing to ship my product next business day. Will be ordering from a 3rd party next time.